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Buddhist Modernities: Re-Inventing Tradition in the Globalizing Modern World

Tikhonov, Vladimir
Havnevik, Hanna
Husken, Ute
Teeuwen, Mark
Wellens, Koen

978 1 138 68784 4
List price(s):
149.95 USD
105.00 GBP

Publication date:
6 March 2017

Full description: 

The transformations Buddhism has been undergoing in the modern age have inspired much research over the last decade. The main focus of attention has been the phenomenon known as Buddhist modernism, which is defined as a conscious attempt to adjust Buddhist teachings and practices in conformity with the modern norms of rationality, science, or gender equality. This book advances research on Buddhist modernism by attempting to clarify the highly diverse ways in which Buddhist faith, thought, and practice have developed in the modern age, both in Buddhist heartlands in Asia and in the West. It presents a collection of case studies that, taken together, demonstrate how Buddhist traditions interact with modern phenomena such as colonialism and militarism, the market economy, global interconnectedness, the institutionalization of gender equality, and recent historical events such as de-industrialization and the socio-cultural crisis in post-Soviet Buddhist areas. This volume shows how the (re)invention of traditions constitutes an important pathway in the development of Buddhist modernities and emphasizes the pluralistic diversity of these forms in different settings.

Table of contents: 

1 Buddhist Modernities: Modernism and its Limits Mark Teeuwen Part 1: Early Meetings with Modernity 2 The Scope and Limits of Secular Buddhism: Watanabe Kaikyoku (1868-1912) and the Japanese New Buddhist Discovery of Society James Mark Shields 3 Buddhism and the Capitalist Transformation of Modern Japan: Sada Kaiseki (1818-1882), Uchiyama Gudo (1874-1911), and Ito Shoshin (1876-1963) Fabio Rambelli 4 Parsing Buddhist Modernity in Republican China: Ten Contrasting Terms Justin R. Ritzinger 5 Seeking the Colonizer's Favours for a Buddhist Vision: the Korean Buddhist Nationalist Paek Yongsong's (1864-1940) Imje Son Movement Hwansoo Kim Part 2: Revivals and Neo-Traditionalist Inventions 6 Buddhism in Contemporary Kalmykia: Pure Monasticism versus Challenges of Post-Soviet Modernity Valeriya Gazizova 7 Buddhist Modernity and New-Age Spirituality in Contemporary Mongolia Hanna Havnevik 8 Yumaism: A new Syncretic Religion among the Himalayan Limbus Linda Gustavsson Part 3: Contemporary Sangha-State Relations 9 Failed Secularisation, New Nationalism and Governmentality: The Rise of Buddhism in Post-Mao China Koen Wellens 10 Militarized Masculinity with Buddhist Characteristics: Buddhist Chaplains and their Role in the South Korean Army Vladimir Tikhonov 11 Re-Enchantment Restricted: Popular Buddhism and Politics in Vietnam Today Aike P. Rots 12 Buddhism Has Made Asia Mild... - The Modernist Construction of Buddhism as Pacifism Iselin Frydenlund Part 4: Institutional Modernity 13 Family, Gender and Modernity in Japanese Shin Buddhism Jessica Starling 14 Theravada Nuns in the USA: Modernization and Tradition Ute Husken 15 Some Reflections on Thich Nhat Hanh's Monastic Code for the 21st Century Jens W. Borgland 16 Modernizing American Zen through Scandal: Is The Way Really the Way? Stuart Lachs


Hanna Havnevik is Professor of the History of Religion at the University of Oslo, Norway Ute Husken is Professor of South Asia Studies at the University of Oslo, Norway Mark Teeuwen is Professor of East Asia Studies at the University of Oslo, Norway Vladimir Tikhonov is Professor of Korean and East Asian Studies at the University of Oslo, Norway Koen Wellens is Associate Professor at the University of Oslo, Norway




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