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Counting the Poor in India: Where Do We Stand
Published by Academic Foundation
There has been a considerable amount of debate on how to measure poverty. To review and take a fresh look at the methodology for measurements of poverty, the Government of India appointed an Expert Group in June 2012. This book contains the Report of the Expert Group and four other articles that explain some of the issues that were raised after the publication of the report.
There has been a considerable amount of debate on how to measure poverty. To review and take a fresh look at the methodology for measurements of poverty, the Government of India appointed an Expert Group (Rangarajan Committee) in June 2012. This book contains the Report of the Expert Group and four other articles which were written subsequently to explain some of the issues that were raised after the publication of the Report.One should choose that poverty line which reflects a carefully calculated minimum level of food and non food requirements. Rangarajan Committee computed a fresh basket in the light of the most recently available minimum requirements of food. It did not simply update an earlier basket using price indices. Also for the first time, minimum non-food requirements for certain categories were included in determining the basket. The four papers of the book discusses various issues on poverty measurement including comparison of Socio Economic Caste Census (SECC) data, estimates of poverty using different cut-off points and the impact of public expenditure on health and education on poverty.
Acknowledgement 7Introduction 91. Counting the Poor: Measurement and Other Issues 15IntroductionApproaches of the Earlier CommitteesSuggested Methodology by Expert Group (Rangarajan) Clarifications on the Issues Raised by Others What is New in the Approach for Poverty Line? Use of CaloriesMulti-dimensional PovertyHigher Urban Poverty in Many StatesNAS-NSS Consumption DifferencesPoverty Measures in Other CountriesPublic Expenditure and PovertyPoverty Ratio for Eligibility Under ProgrammesConclusion2. NSS and SECC: Measurement of Poverty and Deprivation 39Measurement of Poverty Based on NSS EstimatesSECC, Deprivation and Identification of the Poor3. Public Expenditure on Social Services and Impact on Poverty 434. Poverty Estimation: Headcount and Depth 47Differing EstimatesDepth of PovertyComparison among States Where Do We Stand? 5. Report of the Expert Group to Review the Methodology for Measurement of Poverty 51Executive SummaryThe BackgroundEvolution of Measurement of Poverty in IndiaIssues in Poverty EstimationThe Suggested Methodology for Measurement of PovertyBibliography
C. Rangarajan is a leading economist of India who has played a key role both as an academic and a policy maker. He has held several important positions which include Governor of Reserve Bank of India; Chairman, Economic Advisory Council to the Prime Minister; Governor of the state of Andhra Pradesh; and Chairman, Twelfth Finance Commission. Dr Rangarajan was Governor of the Reserve Bank of India during 1992-1997 when India embarked on wide-ranging economic reforms. He was President of the Indian Economic Association in 1988 and President of the Indian Econometric Society in 1994. He was awarded Padma Vibhusan in 2002. He is currently Chairman, Madras School of Economics and Chancellor of the University of Hyderabad.S. Mahendra Dev has been the Director and Vice Chancellor, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research (IGIDR) in Mumbai, since 2010. Prior to this position, he was Chairman of the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices, Ministry of Agriculture from 2008 to 2010. He was Director, Centre for Economic and Social Studies, Hyderabad, for 9 years from 1999 to 2008. He is member of the Board of Trustees of International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington, D.C. He was Acting Chairman of the National Statistical Commission, Government of India. He received his PhD from the Delhi School of Economics and did his postdoctoral research at Yale University. His main areas of interest are: development economics, macro and agriculture policies, employment, poverty, inequality and, social sector. He received Malcolm Adisesaiah Award for outstanding work on development studies.
Reviewer: Caleb Simmons
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