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Social Life of Inkstones, The: Artisans and Scholars in Early Qing China
Published by University of Washington Press
An inkstone, a piece of polished stone no bigger than an outstretched hand, is an instrument for grinding ink, an object of art, a token of exchange between friends or sovereign states, and a surface on which texts and images are carved. As such, the inkstone has been entangled with elite masculinity and the values of wen (culture, literature, civility) in China, Korea, and Japan for more than a millennium. However, for such a ubiquitous object in East Asia, it is virtually unknown in the Western world.Examining imperial workshops in the Forbidden City, the Duan quarries in Guangdong, the commercial workshops in Suzhou, and collectors' homes in Fujian, The Social Life of Inkstones traces inkstones between court and society and shows how collaboration between craftsmen and scholars created a new social order in which the traditional hierarchy of head over hand no longer predominated. Dorothy Ko also highlights the craftswoman Gu Erniang, through whose work the artistry of inkstone-making achieved unprecedented refinement between the 1680s and 1730s.The Social Life of Inkstones explores the hidden history and cultural significance of the inkstone and puts the stonecutters and artisans on center stage.
AcknowledgmentsConventions Chinese Dynasties and Periods Map of China Introduction 1. The Palace Workshops: The Emperor and His Servants 2. Yellow Hill Villages: The Stonecutters 3. Suzhou: The Crafts(wo)man 4. Beyond Suzhou: Gu Erniang the Super-Brand 5. Fuzhou: The Collectors Epilogue: The Craft of WenAppendix 1: Inkstones Made by Gu Erniang Mentioned in Textual Sources Contemporary to Gu Appendix 2: Inkstones Bearing Signature Marks of Gu Erniang in Major Museum Collections Appendix 3: Members of the Fuzhou Circle Appendix 4: Textual History of Lin Fuyun's Inkstone Chronicle (Yanshi) Appendix 5: Chinese Texts Notes Glossary of Chinese Characters References Index
Dorothy Ko is professor of history at Barnard College. She is the author of Cinderella's Sisters: A Revisionist History of Footbinding and coeditor of The Birth of Chinese Feminism: Essential Texts in Transnational Theory.
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